Hemorrhoids are blood filled cushions under the skin in the lower rectum, that help with stool control. Every human has hemorrhoids. Only when they are swollen or inflamed the become a disease.
Symptoms can be a light red bleeding from the anus, itchiness, burning, wetness or secretion from the anus or a feeling of pressure. Seldomly they also come with pain.
Hemorrhoids are divided into 4 stages:
Stage 1: The hemorrhoids cannot be felt but seen with the proctoscope.
Stage 2: When pushing, the hemorrhoids can shortly bulge out of the anal canal but return on their own.
Stage 3: The hemorrhoids come out of the anal canal but can be pushed back with a finger.
Stage 4: The hemorrhoids are permanently outside of the anus and cannot be pushed back in.
We treat each patient according to their individual medical needs. In stage 1 and 2 we recommend dietary changes, stool regulation, as well as suppositories and salves. Patients with stage 2 hemorrhoids can additionally have a rubber band ligation and/or sclerotherapy.
In stage 3 and 4, a surgery is necessary. There are several types of surgery: removing the hemorrhoids, stapled hemorrhoidectomy and the trans anal hemorrhoidal ligation.